May 10, 2021 Last Updated 2:42 AM, May 10, 2021

SMALL island developing states are among the most vulnerable to our changing climate. People living in the Pacific are already experiencing higher temperatures, shifts in rainfall patterns, rising sea levels and changes in frequency and intensity of extreme climate events.

Further changes are expected long into the future because of climate change associated with human activity. These changes, which are occurring on top of a naturally variable climate, have far-reaching consequences that will affect communities and the environment.

Preparing for these consequences is a challenge, because climate change means that the climate we have been used to in the past is not the climate that we will have in the future. While we do not know exactly how the future will unfold in 30, 50 or 100 years, we can use climate change science to tell us what the future climate might be like.

Climate change scientists draw on what they know about how the climate system works and how it is changing to narrow down the possibilities for the climate we can expect in the future. This science-based climate change information can be used to prepare for future threats and take advantage of possible opportunities resulting from the changing climate. read more buy your personal copy at

Oceania Customs Organisation

Effective Border Management

LAW enforcement and border security has been an important area of focus for Oceania Customs Organisation (OCO) given that effective border management is needed to facilitate trade in goods and services and that many of our Pacific Island economies still depend heavily upon revenue from duties imposed at the border.

But our Pacific regions because of our porous borders remain prone to illegal border activities and individual customs administrations are not able to manage these problems on their own. The OCO exists to facilitate and where appropriate help administrations to align with customs international standards and best practice leading to greater economic prosperity and increased border security within the Oceania region. The Secretariat pprovides support to members in developing, coordinating and implementing activities in line with members’ mandates and advising members on key Customs issues.

These amongst others include; provide technical advice to members on customs and other related matters, assist in the development and implementation of harmonized Customs policies and instruments, facilitate the cooperation and information exchange between OCO Customs administrations and identify cross-cutting issues with regional and international partners and promote collaborations. read more buy your personal copy at

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