Jul 22, 2019 Last Updated 10:14 PM, Jul 21, 2019
Changing of the guard in PNG’s political leadership

FOR someone who is still in the honeymoon period, James Marape is saying the right things. His words match his actions, so far.

Marape has said that he has accepted office as independent Papua New Guinea’s 8th Prime Minister with humility. The first morning he woke as Prime Minister, Marape posted on his official Facebook page:

“It is a privilege to be the chief servant of this nation of a thousand tribes. I don’t promise I will be answer to all of our nation’s problems, but I do promise I will give my very best effort to make a difference!”

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Israel Folau is no martyr

SO Israel Folau will learn of his future as a professional rugby football star in Australia in early May. That is when the threemember tribunal will convene his code of conduct hearing for breaching allegedly his contract with Rugby Australia (RA).

His crime?

Folau, according to RA committed a high level breach of the professional players’ code of conduct, warranting termination of his employment contract. That “high level breach” is actually the words that the player posted on 10 April on his personal Twitter and Instagram accounts, stating: “Warning. Drunks, homosexuals, adulterers, liars, fornicators, thieves, atheists, idolaters. Hell awaits you. Repent! Only Jesus saves.”

The furore those words caused continued unabated to this day, with people from all walks of life, shade or colour, weighing on the wrong or right of what this player of Tongan descent wrote. Judgements, solicited or not, rained down on the rugby footballer because of his judgemental social media posts.

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Solomon Islands goes to the polls

  • Jul 23, 2019
  • Published in March

SOLOMON Islands voters are on the verge of choosing their next government as the country goes to the polls amidst major economic and environmental challenges.

The 3 April election is a test of the country’s electoral system after the departure of the Regional Mission to Solomon Islands (RAMSI). International support for the process remains, with the Australian Government committing around 100 police and military officers during the election period. The New Zealand Government has also pledged its support. The two countries took the leading roles in the Pacific Islands Forum-backed RAMSI.

At close of nominations, 335 candidates were confirmed, 310 of them men and 25 women. 15 registered political parties and many independent candidates are contesting the election. Women make up around 7.5 per cent of candidates, however they face a formidable task. There was just one woman sitting in parliament when the election was called, the independent member for Gizo/Kolombangara, Lanelle Tanangada.

The hot topic during the campaign for most Solomon Islanders is easing of the expense of daily living. Many are also angry about the tax-free salaries that parliamentarians receive. Last December the government announced it was doubling the minimum wage to SBD8 (US$1) in a move it hopes will play well with voters. The Central Bank of Solomon Islands put inflation at 3.7 per cent in January 2019.

Some candidates are promising more jobs by tapping into the labour trade with Australia and New Zealand. A much talked about newcomer to the political scene is Peter Kenilorea Jr, son of the country’s first Prime Minister Sir Peter Kenilorea. Kenilorea Jr, who is running under the banner of the United Party, spent close to 10 years working at the United Nations headquarters in New York, and returned to take the post of Permanent Secretary to Foreign Affairs for a year. However, the call of his father’s legacy has been strong.

Posting online after being welcomed by thousands on his arrival at Manawai village in the East Are Are constituency, Kenilorea Jr said: “A truly moving and emotional homecoming. They are looking for change. My message to them, I am ready. Together, we can.”

Other candidates believe the demand for change is rippling through the islands, from village to village and in the urban areas. “Our people are suffering now, we still have a shortage of medicine, proper health facilities and much needed infrastructure,” says Wendy Vahoe Amangongo, who is contesting the election as an independent candidate for Malaita Outer Islands constituency. The incumbent government and caretaker Prime Minister Rick Hou of the Democratic Alliance Party have also come under fire for their response to the Rennell Island oil spill (see our story on page 19).

Hou says mining companies, shipping operators and their insurers are to blame for the spill. However Amangongo claims this is but one of the many disasters that have befallen the country because of bad political leadership.

“Our leaders also just voted themselves a tax-free salary whilst our women, youth and children struggle everyday to survive the expense of daily livelihood,” she angrily says.

Interestingly this election, seven candidates are former Prime Ministers. One of them, Gordon Darcy Lilo has decided to re-enter the race saying in this campaign: “We must be able to put our house in order before we try and address external matters. That is the number one priority.”

Solomon Islands Transparency International is calling for Solomon Islanders to choose wisely.

Rising above the noise, a few facts remain. The government has committed to hosting the 2023 Pacific Games which will coincide with the next national general elections. The administration of government funds to develop the constituencies is in serious need of review and change. The tax-free salaries voted in by the previous house must be cancelled to ensure the trust of the people is restored. Immigration must be controlled with the influx of Asian and Bangladesh nationals flooding various industries with no check. The shortage of medical supplies in the hospital and clinics around the country is still a serious risk to ordinary folk. Roads, bridges, schools and basic infrastructure is still lacking on the ground.

With young people between the ages 15 to 35 being close to 67 per cent of the entire population of Solomon Islands, jobs are needed to engage the young, or Solomon Islands sits on a time bomb again.

Going Renewable

  • Jul 23, 2019
  • Published in January

Pacific island states take the lead in energy transformation

WITH the world going out in a large way towards adopting green and clean energy that is renewable, it makes no ecological or economic sense for any country in the Pacific not to be part of this exciting phenomenon.

For figures do not lie. More and more nations around the globe are switching to solar, wind or hydro energy. In fact in 2017 alone, the International Renewable Energy Agency (IRENA) estimates that an additional 167 GW of renewable capacity were installed around the world. That is enough capacity to power a country as big as Brazil.

The good news does not end there. With the increasing uptake of renewable, the costs are tumbling to record lows. Prices of solar PV module for instance have fallen by around 80% since the end of 2009, according to IRENA. Wind turbine prices on the other hand have dipped by 30 to 40%.

The agency calculates that prices of renewable can outmatch natural gas prices in fact. Abundant resources, coupled with strong enabling frameworks have caused solar PV prices to crash to below 3 cents per kilowatt hour and dispatchable concentrated solar power (CSP) of 7.3 cents per kilowatt hour.

Thanks to the foresight of island leaders and their policy advisers, some islands of the region are giants in this field. Tokelau, a territory of New Zealand to the north of Samoa, is already running on solar power 100 per cent. Samoa and the Cook Islands are almost there, with 80% of their energy needs now powered either through solar or hydro.

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No more tokens please

  • Jul 23, 2019
  • Published in January

Australia needs to treat the Pacific with a little more respect

THE flying visit by Australian Prime Minister, Scott Morrison, this month through Fiji and Vanuatu has been hailed as the beginning of a new era in regional détente.

It was the first bi-lateral visit made by an Australian prime minister in more than 20 years – a period in which China has increased its sphere of influence throughout the Pacific.

At this point in geo-political relations, Beijing can argue that it probably has the ears of every Pacific leader while Canberra can no longer claim to have such an audience.

With China and India increasing their economic powers and political influence and a belligerent heavily armed neighbour – Indonesia – on its northern border, Australia has been forced into its current position.

Australia has been forced to return to its eastern neighbours for whom it was Big Brother post-World War II until John Howard decided to play global policeman with the United States.

Fiji’s Frank Bainimarama is not the first leader of his country to turn the nation’s focus north after being rebuffed by the Australians for the illegal takeover of an elected government.

In 1987 Sitiveni Rabuka sought alliances with Malaysia, Singapore and South Korea in order to equip his burgeoning military which plays an unsupervised influence over national politics.

As Rabuka mellowed and moved from military ruler to statesman, he courted the Commonwealth and warmed previously frozen relationships with Australia and New Zealand.

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